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     2  +6 2014 jul 23banner da chinaChinese History - baqi 八旗 The Eight Banners (www Five brigades were grouped into one Banner (gūsa, Chinese transcription gushan 固 .... "Baqi zhidu 八旗制度", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科 全書, ...
     2  +4 2014 jul 20qing dynasty land massQing Dynasty 清 (1644-1911) economy (www.chinaknowledge.de)Qing Dynasty 清 (1644-1911) economy. ... During the whole course of Chinese history, the lack of arable land in the densely populated areas made it ... Until today, the canal system in the Yangtse area serves as the main transport medium .
     3  -1 2014 oct 02republic of chinaChinese History - The Republic of China 中華民國 (www The Republic of China 中華民國 Zhonghua minguo (1912-1949) was the official designation of the state that succeeded the last imperial dynasty, the Qing 清 ...
     3  +6 2014 sep 21silkroad yumicity-states of the Silk Road - ChinaknowledgeLoulan 樓蘭(later called Shanshan 鄯善); Ruoqiang 婼羌; Qiemo 且末; Xiaowan 小宛(Xiaoyuan); Jingjue 精絕; Ronglu 戎盧; Yumi 扜彌; Qule 渠勒; Yutian 于闐 ...
     3  +12 2014 aug 10king wen historyChinese History - Zhou Wenwang 周文王 King Wen of Zhou (www Zhou Wenwang 周文王, King Wen of Zhou, personal name Ji Chang 姬昌, was a nobleman of the late Shang period 商(16th-11th cent.). He was a grandson of ...
     4  -3 2014 sep 17古者大学之法,所以liChinese Literature - Dili daquan 地理大全(www.chinaknowledge.de)Qinghua daxue tushuguan cang shanben shumu 清華 大學 圖書館藏善本書目, p. ... 搜玄曠筆十四卷: Souxuan kuangbi: (Ming) 遁庵 古者 Dun'an guzhe (李國木 Li  ...
     4  +1 2014 sep 16beiweiNorthern Wei Dynasty - ChinaknowledgeThe Northern Wei Dynasty Beiwei 北魏 (386-534) was one of the Northern Dynasties Beichao 北朝 (386-581) that ruled over northern China during the 5th and ...
     5  ~ 2014 sep 253 kingdomsChinese History - Three Kingdoms (Sanguo) 三國 (www The Three Kingdoms (Sanguo) 三國 were three states that succeeded the Eastern Han dynasty 後漢 (25-220 CE) and came into being as the surviving ...
     5  -4 2014 jul 29china knowledge pressChinaknowledgeMore than 1,700 articles on traditional Chinese literature, with descriptions of individual texts and literary genres. More than 800 biographies of persons ‎History - ‎Religions - ‎Chinaknowledge - About me - ‎Arts
     6  +1 2014 sep 26jin gang jingJingangjing 金剛經 Diamond Sutra - Chinaknowledge"Diamond Cutter Sutra of the Perfection of Wisdom" (short: Diamond Sutra; Jingang Panruo Boluomi Jing 金剛般若波羅蜜經 - Jingang Jing 金剛經; ...
     6  -1 2014 sep 24doctrine of meansZhongyong The Doctrine of the Mean - ChinaknowledgeThe Zhongyong 中庸" Doctrine of the mean " is a Confucian classic and part of the Four Books (Sishu 四書). It is actually a chapter of the ritual classic Liji 禮記and ...
     6  +9 2014 sep 23duke chronicle chong niConfucius - ChinaknowledgeThe Duke of Zhou had occupied a position for which all Confucians later envied him,
     6  +1 2014 sep 10jin king listate of Jin - ChinaknowledgeThe ruling dynasty of Jin was founded by Kang Shu Yu 唐叔虞, a son of King Wu 周 .... When the Duke died Li Ke and Pei Zheng 邳鄭suggested inviting Prince ...
     6  +10 2014 aug 20doctrine of the mean
     6  ~ 2014 aug 07jiang qi tpoChinese History - Qi 齊 (www.chinaknowledge.de)The origin of the first dynasty ( Jiang - Qi 姜齊). The ancestors of the house of Qi are said to have been tribal chieftains under the mythical emperors Yao 堯 and ...
     7  +2 2014 sep 29shenpeiChinese History - Master Shen Pei 申培公(www.chinaknowledge.de)Master Shen Pei 申培公was a Confucian scholar of the early Former Han period ( 206 BCE-8 CE) and expert of the Shijing Book of Songs.
     7  +2 2014 sep 23han dynasty artChinese History - Han Dynasty 漢 arts (www.chinaknowledge.de)Han art was the apogée of a development that already started during the Warring States period 戰國. While shapes and decoration of the objects of the Western ...
     7  +7 2014 sep 22zixiaChinese History - Zixia 子夏 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Bu Shang 卜商, courtesy name Zixia 子夏, was a disciple of Confucius.
     7  +6 2014 sep 16guojiaChinese History - Guo Jia 郭嘉 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Guo Jia 郭嘉 was an advisor to the Later Han period (25-220) politician Cao Cao 曹操.
     7  ~ 2014 jul 27chinese names hanziThe Chinese script (www.chinaknowledge.de)Chinese characters ( hanzi 漢字) are symbols of a logographic script developed .... Even the characters of personal names are often described or written with the  ...
     8  +32 2014 sep 24yijiChinese History - Li Yiji 酈食其 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Li Yiji 酈食其 was a temporary advisor to Liu Bang, the founder of the Han dynasty (202 BCE-220 CE).
     8  -2 2014 sep 21liu qi potbellySong Dynasty 宋 religion and customs - ChinaknowledgeBuddha (Hafo 哈佛), also called "Bigbelly Buddha" or " Potbelly Buddha".
     8  +1 2014 sep 15jing king li
     8  +1 2014 sep 09liu qi potbellu
     8  +21 2014 sep 04chinese historyChinese History (www.chinaknowledge.de)This section of the Chinaknowledge Encyclopedia deals with Chinese history from the beginnings to the People's Republic of China. It is organised in the ...
     9  +8 2014 sep 16hui zhu tie shu songChinese Literature - Alphabetical index (www.chinaknowledge.de)大( Song ) Can shu 蠶書, book on sericulture by Qin Guan 秦觀( Song )
     9  +2 2014 aug 14book of songsChinese Literature - Shijing 詩經or Maoshi 毛詩(www The Shijing 詩經or " Book of Songs " is one of the traditional Confucian classics. It is a collection of three different types of songs originating in the Shang 商(17th ...
     10  +4 2014 sep 24xunyouChinese History - Xun You 荀攸 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Xun You 荀攸 was an advisor to the Later Han period (25-220) warlord Cao Cao 曹操.
     10  +22 2014 aug 04the qin empireChinese History - Qin Dynasty 秦 (www.chinaknowledge.de)The Qin dynasty 秦 (221-206 BCE) was the first imperial dynasty of ancient China . It was founded by Ying Zheng 嬴政, king of Qin, who adopted the title of ...
     11  +1 2014 sep 26chinese mythologyMythology and the origin of Chinese culture - ChinaknowledgeA lot of such myth originate in southern China whose cultures and phantastic beliefs differed from the more "realistic" attitude of the northern peoples.
     11  -5 2014 sep 10jin gang jing yuan wenBao pu zi 抱朴子, Daoist treatise by Ge Hong 葛洪( Jin ) Bao yan tang mi
     11  +2 2014 aug 22dong gang zhong guoChinese History - Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒 (179-104 BCE) was a Former Han period (202
     11  +90 2014 jul 28wi wu luiChinese History - Liang Xiaowang 梁孝王 Liu Wu 劉武 (www Prince Xiao of Liang 梁孝王 (died 144 CBE), personal name Liu Wu 劉武, was a son of Emperor Wen 漢文帝 (r. 180-157 BCE) and a brother of Emperor Jing 漢 ...
     12  -5 2014 oct 05xia palace dynastyChinese History -Western Xia Dynasty (Xixia) 西夏 arts (www In many aspects, Western Xia pictorial art was dominated by religious themes. ... / Shaanxi) where the foundations of the palaces , temples and private houses are ...
     12  +14 2014 sep 26huangdiChinese Literature - Huangdi sijing 黃帝四經 (www.chinaknowledge The Huangdi sijing 黃帝四經 "Four Classics of the Yellow Emperor", also called Huanglao boshu 黃老帛書 "Silk texts on Huang-Lao thought", is a collection of ...
     12  ~ 2014 sep 18chinese songChinese History - Song Dynasty 宋 (www.chinaknowledge.de)The Song dynasty 宋 (960-1279) was one of the great dynasties ruling over China . Although the Song only ruled over a relatively small area compared to the  ...
     12  ~ 2014 aug 24history of chinaThis section of the Chinaknowledge Encyclopedia deals with Chinese history from the beginnings to the People's Republic of China . It is organised in the ...
     13  +26 2014 sep 11titles of nobilitywu jue 五爵 The Five Titles of Nobility - ChinaknowledgeThe wu jue 五爵 "five titles of nobility " were used throughout history but were subject to change depending on the general constitution of the state administration.
     13  -6 2014 sep 11ya mao deityThe three types of songs are feng 風"airs", ya 雅"odes", and song 頌"hymns". ... 隸書) and were thus considered so-called new texts, while the Shijing of Mao – the Maoshi 毛詩– .... It declares the success of a virtuous government to the deities .
     14  -1 2014 oct 05zhu ge liangChinese History - Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮 was a high minister of Liu Bei 劉備 and his son, emperors of the state of Shu 蜀漢 (221-263).
     14  -3 2014 sep 23three kingdoms adventChinese History - Three Kingdoms (Sanguo) 三國 economy (www Chinese History - Three Kingdoms 三國 (220-280) .... Only with the advent of peasant refugees and some immigrant aristocracy from the north, there was the ...
     14  +9 2014 aug 20son of shunChinese Mythology - Shun 舜(www.chinaknowledge.de)Shun 舜is one of the mythological Five Emperors. ... his grandfather Qiao Niu 橋 牛, who was a son of Gou Wang 句望, a son of Jing Kang 敬康, ...
     15  +4 2014 sep 22zhufuChinese History - Zhufu Yan 主父偃 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Zhufu Yan 主父偃 was a high minister of the mid-Former Han period (206 BCE-8 CE).
     15  +3 2014 sep 19huan qiu zhi kang timeBai jia xing xin jian 百家姓新箋, text for elementary education by Huang Zhouxing
     15  +14 2014 sep 12tang poetryTang Dynasty 唐 literature, thought and philosophy - ChinaknowledgeIf one thinks of Tang Dynasty literature, the first to talk of is poetry. Tang poems are said to be the finest of Chinese literature, turning back to a simple "regular ...
     15  +86 2014 sep 01the history of china
     16  +68 2014 sep 16daojiaChinese Literature - Daoist writings 道家(www.chinaknowledge.de)The type of Daoist writings ( daojia lei 道家類) is a sub-category ...
     16  +52 2014 sep 08asias rule of virtueRen is a practical virtue , used in daily life and easily to apply.
     16  +9 2014 jul 21huang to nong sanChinese History - The Three Augusts and the Five Emperors The original meaning of huang 皇is "great, impressive" and was used to denote a
     17  ~ 2014 sep 27dong guan tong zhiBa qi tong zhi 八旗通志, history and statutes of the Eight Banners (Qing) ..... Dong guan zou ji 東觀奏記, collection of histories by Pei Tingyu 裴庭裕(Tang)
     18  ~ 2014 aug 23queens emperor chinaChinese History - Emperor Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Ying Zheng 嬴政 CHINAKNOWLEDGE - a universal guide for China studies | HOME | About ... Lao Ai is said to have had an affair with the Queen Mother, and Lü ...
     19  +3 2014 aug 30ding yiyi artistRitual Bronze Vessels - ChinaknowledgeSee a translated example of the Mao Gong Ding 毛公鼎 kettle. The dates of ... The ornaments of this example remind of the much later cloisonné art . Something  ...
     19  +82 2014 aug 16yiwu gung yangChinese History - Gongzi Zhi 公子縶 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Gongsun Zhi visited Prince Chong'er as well as Prince Yiwu 夷吾, who also lived in exile, ... Source: Xiong Tieji 熊鐵基, Yang Youli 楊有禮 (ed.
     19  +82 2014 aug 06chinese lunar ageChinese History - sui 歲 traditional lunar age (www.chinaknowledge The traditional lunar age calculation operates with xu sui 虛歲 void years. This method uses calendric years to indicate the age of a person.
     20  +10 2014 sep 14han hannChinese History - Han 韓(www.chinaknowledge.de)Han 韓was a feudal state of the Zhou period 周(11th cent.-221 BCE). It emerged as a separate state when lateral branches of the house of Jin 晉extinguished the  ...
     20  +3 2014 sep 13china economy historyChinese History - Han Dynasty 漢 economy (www.chinaknowledge.de)Chinese History - Han Dynasty 漢 (206 BC-8 AD, 25-220) ... Although the economy was heavily damaged as a result the suppressive policy of the Qin Dynasty ...
     20  ~ 2014 aug 21character in scriptPart of the problem is that characters at that time were not yet standardized. The script was still in a state ...
     20  ~ 2014 aug 20all chinese charactersIntroduction into the Chinese script . ... With a basic treasure of characters (and character parts), all others can instantly be analyzed. Script and Language ...
     21  ~ 2014 sep 251911 movie taiwanQing Dynasty 清 (1644- 1911 ) event history (www.chinaknowledge.de)Qing Dynasty 清 (1644- 1911 ) event history. ... Intrusion of Foreign Powers - The Reform Movement of 1898 - The Boxer Rebellion - The Revolution of 1911
     21  +5 2014 sep 22confucius political philosophyChinese thought and philosophy - Confucianism (www From a social philosophy Confucianism thus became a political philosophy . Benevolence and kindheartedness was to be the right way of government. Only this ...
     21  +56 2014 sep 14sui toChinese History - Sui Dynasty 隋 (www.chinaknowledge.de)The Sui dynasty 隋 (581-618) was a relatively short-lived house that reunited China after long centuries of division that are known in history as the Southern and ...
     21  ~ 2014 jul 26chinese symbols for wordsAncient characters were often used to write several different words , because the thesaurus of ...
     22  ~ 2014 jul 21solid jade ming dynastuChinese Arts - Handicrafts 手工藝術 - Jade Objects 玉石器物 (www Chinese Jade comes from the most western point of China in today Xinjiang .... A comb made from wonderful emerald green jade from the Ming Dynasty .
     23  ~ 2014 aug 02ancient chinese cultureChinese History - Mythology and the origin of Chinese culture (www History clearly is not that old: The oldest traces of history (as a cultural stage that makes use of a script - see Chinese script) can be found in the 13th century ...
     24  +37 2014 aug 27china art objectsThe material jade is actually made up of two different kinds of stone. The most widespread mineral is nephrite, a variety of the mineral actinolite and a silicate of  ...
     24  +77 2014 aug 23titles of royalty
     24  +37 2014 aug 04buddha wall sculptureChinese Arts - Buddhist Grotto Sculpture 石窟雕刻與雕塑 (www Wall decoration behind the main statues of the Buddhist deities is effected by wall paintings or by small figurines like the left picture of Feitians 飛天, flying ...
     25  +11 2014 sep 30fu lu shouChinese Religions - Fu lu shou sanxing 福祿壽三星 The Three Stars The Three Stars of Wealth, Status and Longevity ( fu lu shou sanxing 福祿壽三星) are three very popular deities that can be found almost in any place where ...
     25  ~ 2014 aug 25site guide de chineCHINAKNOWLEDGE - a universal guide for China studies | About ... As it is not possible to deal with each theme about China with the same intensity I apologise  ...
     25  ~ 2014 jul 25schools of thoughtZhou Dynasty 周 literature, thought , and philosophy - ChinaknowledgeThe Hundred Schools of Thought (baijia 百家) In a time of warfare and state reforms, practical advisors were the most wanted teachers. Very successful were the ...
     26  -1 2014 sep 20the art of war shihChinese Literature - Sunzi bingfa 孫子兵法(www.chinaknowledge.de)The Sunzi bingfa 孫子兵法" The art of war by Master Sun", short Sunzi ... During the Song period Mei Yaochen 梅堯臣and Ye Shi 葉適brought forward some ...
     26  +48 2014 jul 16warring states periodChinese History - Zhou Dynasty 周 event history (www BCE) and the period of the " Warring States Zhanguo 戰國 (5th cent.-211 BCE). During the Spring and Autumn period a series of feudal lords were able to ...
     27  +3 2014 oct 01laughing buddha historyChinese History - Song Dynasty 宋 religion and customs (www There were many reasons for the decline of Buddhism (Fojiao 佛教) after the .... ( Milefo 彌勒佛), Buddha of the future, was the Laughing Buddha (Hafo 哈佛), also  ...
     27  -7 2014 sep 20myth origin story from waterIt was here that myths of the water -controllers Gun 鯀, Yu the Great (Da Yu 大禹) and of Gong Gong 共工 and Shun 舜 found their origin . Tales of these heroes ...
     27  +30 2014 sep 06chinese war philosophyZhou Dynasty 周 literature, thought, and philosophy - ChinaknowledgeAlmost all of them were engaged in the state of Qin who should be the winner of the great war centuries: Guan Zhong 管仲, Lord Shang Yang 商君鞅, Li Kui 李悝,  ...
     28  +60 2014 sep 25r yi guideChinese History - Yi 夷(www.chinaknowledge.de)Yi 夷is an old general term for non-Chinese tribes especially in southern China, but sometimes also used as a common ... CHINAKNOWLEDGE - a universal guide for China studies | HOME | About Encoding: ... Under King Li of Zhou 周厲 王( r .
     28  +32 2014 sep 08zai china sourcesChinese thought and philosophy - Neo-Confucianism (www Motionlessness being the source of everything, it is also the basis for ... Zhang Zai 張載 (1020-1077) further developed the metaphysical background for the ...
     28  +73 2014 aug 04han yu pin yinThe Hanyu Pinyin 漢語拼音 transcription system (www The Hanyu pinyin 漢語拼音 transcription is a modern transcription of the standard Chinese language that uses the letters of the Latin alphabet. It is used in the ...
     28  +10 2014 jul 27yi king interpretationChinese Literature - Yijing 易經or Zhouyi 周易(www.chinaknowledge The Zhouyi 周易, also called Yijing 易經, or, shortly, Yi 易, is one of the most ... It includes Confucian interpretations of politics, social relations and personal ... or at least developed by King Wen, the yaoci by his son, the Duke of Zhou 周公.
     29  ~ 2014 oct 04name in chineseChinese History - names of persons and titles of rulers (www Students of Chinese history are often confused by the multitudiness of names a person is referred to. The article of this page tries to explain the most basic facts.
     29  ~ 2014 sep 27fu fang yuenBian huo bian 辨惑編, philosophical treatise by Xie Yingfang 謝應芳( Yuan ) ... Ce fu yuan gui 冊府元龜, political encyclopedia by Wang Qinruo 王欽若et al. (Song)
     29  -8 2014 sep 07erly activity yang huanChinese Literature - Chunqiu-Zuozhuan 春秋左傳, Gongyangzhuan It is the oldest and the only surviving type of chronicles from the early Eastern Zhou ... quite detailed picture of interstate activities during the early Eastern Zhou period, ... scholars Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒, Sima Qian 司馬遷and Huan Kuan 桓 寬.
     30  +43 2014 sep 22yafuChinese History - Zhou Yafu 周亞夫 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Zhou Yafu 周亞夫 was a general and high minister of the mid-Former Han period (202 BCE-8 CE).
     30  ~ 2014 sep 09hetuChinese Literature and Philosophy - The River Chart and the The Hetu 河圖 Yellow River Chart and the Luoshu 洛書 Inscription of the River Luo are two cosmological diagrams used in ancient China.
     30  +54 2014 sep 05chinese short poetryChinese Literature - chuanqi 傳奇"stories of extraordinary events The phantastic element is central to many Chinese short stories, novellas, and even novels ... Essays and poems from the Tang period give a vivid picture of how ...
     31  +9 2014 sep 16скрипт de logoThe Chinese script (www.chinaknowledge. de )The symbol is variously interpreted as the precursor of the charcters 旦, 昊, 杲, 曍, or 皥. From Wang Jihuai 王吉懷(2000), "Zai lun Dawenkou de taoke 再論大汶 ...
     31  +70 2014 sep 13wudingChinese History - Wu Ding 武丁 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Wu Ding 武丁 was a ruler of the Shang dynasty 商 (17th to 11th cent. BCE).
     32  +60 2014 sep 13da yu ch xiao yuChinese Literature - Da Dai Liji 大戴禮記(www.chinaknowledge.de)The chapter Xia xiaozheng 夏小正was transmitted seperately, so that the ... 哀公 問五義, Aigong wen yu Kongzi 哀公問於孔子, Xiaoban 小辨, Yongbing 用兵and ...
     32  ~ 2014 sep 13shi gongChinese History - Shao Gong Shi 召公奭 the Duke of Shao (www Shao Gong Shi 召公奭, Duke Shi of Shao, was a high minister during the foundation phase of the Zhou dynasty (11th cent.-221 BCE).
     32  +22 2014 sep 10li yu poemIf one thinks of Tang Dynasty literature, the first to talk of is poetry . ... The most important representant of Tang ci poetry was Li Yu 李煜, emperor of Southern Tang ...
     32  ~ 2014 aug 17yue yue chinaChinese History - Yue 越 (www.chinaknowledge.de)Yue 越 was a feudal state of the Zhou period 周 (11th. cent.-221 BC). It was not one of the Chinese states of the Yellow River plain but a native, semi-barbarian ...
     33  +68 2014 aug 18book of changesThere are countless commentaries on and interpretations of the Book of Changes . They can be divided into two great schools. The first used the as a book for ...
     33  ~ 2014 aug 17script writing stylesIntroduction into the Chinese script . ... Writing Styles ...... For an even faster writing , the writing styles xingshu 行書"running script " and caoshu 草書"grass script " ...
     33  ~ 2014 aug 01the ritual bookChinese Literature - Liji 禮記(www.chinaknowledge.de)The Liji 禮記" Book of rites" is a collection of descriptions of ritual matters written during the late Warring States 戰國(5th cent.-221 BCE) and Former Han 前漢(206  ...
     34  +22 2014 sep 24chinese story chinese songChinese History - Song Dynasty 宋 literature, thought and (huaben 話本) With the growing urbanization and population growth in Song China the public need for orally ...
     34  +67 2014 aug 24religion in chinaReligions in China , Chinese Religions - Buddhism 佛教 (www The Historical Buddha - Teachings of the Buddha - Small and Great Vehicle - Buddhism in China - Eminent Monks - Buddhist Literature: Chinese Tripitaka ...
     34  -13 2014 aug 20enamel vase chinaChinese Arts - Handicrafts 手工藝術 - Enamel and Cloisonné 琺瑯 Painted enamels in China are also called Canton enamels as this city was the ... This gourd shaped vase from Qing time is an example for enamel painting and ...
     34  +67 2014 aug 12culture of chinaChinese History - Prehistoric cultures of China (www Paleolithic China - Major Cultures of Neolithic China : Yangshao - Dawenkou - Majiabang / Hemudu - Daxi / Qujialing - Dapenkeng - Hongshan / Xinglongwa ...
     35  -15 2014 sep 28jing xuan ming chaBie ben cha jing 別本茶經, book on tea by Tang Xianzu 湯顯祖( Ming ) ... Bo wu jing yi yi 駁五經異義, commentary to the Classics by Zheng Xuan 鄭玄(Han)
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