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     2  ~ 2014 aug 16reductio ad hitlerumLogical Fallacy: The Hitler Card - The Fallacy FilesArgumentum ad Nazium; Reductio ad Hitlerum ... last decades has frequently been used as a substitute for the reductio ad absurdum: the reductio ad Hitlerum .
     3  +1 2014 sep 24wishful thinkingLogical Fallacy: Wishful Thinking - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of wishful thinking .
     3  -1 2014 sep 19tu quoqueLogical Fallacy: Tu Quoque - The Fallacy FilesQ: Now, the United States government says that you are still funding military training camps here in Afghanistan for militant, Islamic fighters and that you're a ...
     4  ~ 2014 sep 12straw man fallacyLogical Fallacy : Straw Man - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of straw man .
     4  +1 2014 sep 11strawman fallacy
     4  +1 2014 aug 13straw man argumentLogical Fallacy: Straw Man - The Fallacy FilesA straw man argument occurs in the context of a debate―formal or informal― when one side attacks a position―the "straw man"―not held by the other side, ...
     4  -1 2014 aug 12argumentum ad ignorantiamLogical Fallacy: Appeal to Ignorance - The Fallacy FilesTaxonomy of the Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Ignorance Alias: Argument from Ignorance; Argumentum ad Ignorantiam . Forms. There is no evidence against p.
     5  -1 2014 sep 10argumentum ad verecundiamLogical Fallacy: Appeal to Misleading Authority - The Fallacy FilesAppeal to Authority; Argument from Authority; Argumentum ad Verecundiam Translation: "Argument from respect/modesty" (Latin); Ipse Dixit Translation: "He ...
     5  +1 2014 aug 17make a rightLogical Fallacy: Two Wrongs Make a Right - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of two wrongs make a right .
     6  -2 2014 sep 27gambler's fallacyLogical Fallacy: The Gambler's Fallacy - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the gambler's fallacy .
     6  -1 2014 sep 16strawman
     6  -1 2014 sep 11logical fallacy of bifurcationThe Black-or-White Fallacy - The Fallacy FilesBifurcation ; Black-and-White Fallacy ; Either/Or Fallacy ; False Dilemma ... However, when a disjunctive premiss is false for specifically logical reasons, or when ...
     6  -2 2014 sep 05argument from ignoranceTaxonomy of the Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Ignorance Alias: Argument from Ignorance ; Argumentum ad Ignorantiam. Forms. There is no evidence against p.
     6  +1 2014 jul 29regression toward the meanThe Regression Fallacy - The Fallacy FilesGalton called this " regression to mediocrity", but nowadays it is usually referred to as " regression to (or towards) the mean " (see the Exposition below).
     7  -2 2014 sep 28out of contextLogical Fallacy: Quoting Out of Context - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of quoting out of context .
     7  ~ 2014 sep 13fallaciesThe Fallacy Files: Logical FallaciesDescribes and gives examples of logical fallacies from the media and everyday life, applying logic to controversial issues in order to improve critical thinking ...
     7  +2 2014 sep 08logical fallacy definitionThe Fallacy Files: What is a logical fallacy ?Defines what a logical fallacy is, discusses the history of fallacies, and explains why it is useful to study them.
     7  -1 2014 sep 01appeal to authorityDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of appeal to authority .
     7  ~ 2014 jul 26beg the questionLogical Fallacy: Begging the Question - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of begging the question .
     8  -2 2014 sep 20ad hominemLogical Fallacy: Argumentum ad Hominem - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of ad hominem .
     8  -2 2014 sep 16red herringLogical Fallacy: Red Herring - The Fallacy FilesDescribes the nature and history of the red herring fallacy and lists related fallacies.
     9  -2 2014 sep 18fallacy of compositionLogical Fallacy : Composition - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of composition .
     9  -5 2014 sep 16two slipperyLogical Fallacy: Slippery Slope - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of two forms of the informal logical fallacy of slippery slope.
     9  +1 2014 jul 24a red heron
     10  -2 2014 sep 25appeals to authority
     10  +4 2014 sep 14logical fallacyThe Fallacy Files: Logical Fallacy" Logical fallacy " shares with "factual fallacy" the genus "common error", that is, both are types of error commonly committed by people. Factual fallacies, of course ...
     10  -2 2014 aug 21the slippery slopeDescribes and gives examples of two forms of the informal logical fallacy of slippery slope .
     11  +2 2014 sep 28false dichotomyBlack-or-White Fallacy. Alias: Bifurcation; Black-and-White Fallacy; Either/Or Fallacy; False Dilemma . Type: Informal Fallacy ...
     11  -1 2014 sep 18fallacy
     11  ~ 2014 sep 13logical fallacy examplesThe Fallacy Files: Stalking the Wild FallacyGives examples of logical fallacies from the written media, applying logic to controversial issues in order to improve critical thinking skills.
     11  +90 2014 sep 08logical fallaiesTaxonomy of the Logical Fallacies - The Fallacy FilesA taxonomy of all of the logical fallacies listed in the Fallacy Files, based upon the subfallacy relationship.
     11  +6 2014 aug 23examples of logical fallacies
     11  -4 2014 aug 17begs the question
     11  +2 2014 aug 14examples of fallacies
     12  -1 2014 sep 25falacy
     12  +1 2014 sep 19logical fallacies
     13  +1 2014 sep 16anecdotalThe Fallacy Files: The Anecdotal FallacyDescribes and gives examples of the anecdotal fallacy.
     15  ~ 2014 sep 27fallacious reasoningA " fallacy " is a mistake, and a "logical" fallacy is a mistake in reasoning . There are , of course, other types of mistake than mistakes in reasoning . For instance ...
     15  +4 2014 sep 26base rateLogical Fallacy: The Base Rate Fallacy - The Fallacy FilesThe Base Rate Fallacy. Alias: Neglecting Base Rates . Type: Probabilistic Fallacy. Thought Experiment: Suppose that the rate of disease D is three times higher ...
     15  -6 2014 sep 02anecdotal evidenceLike all rules of thumb, the ease of remembering or imagining—"representing"—a type of event is evidence of degree of likelihood in ordinary circumstances.
     16  -4 2014 aug 14logical fallacies examples
     17  +31 2014 sep 24circular logicThe simplest type of circular argument is an argument with a single premiss that is the same as its conclusion―see the first diagram to the right, where "P" stands  ...
     17  ~ 2014 aug 21fallacies of logicDefines what a logical fallacy is, discusses the history of fallacies , and explains why it is useful to study them.
     18  +5 2014 sep 16taxonomy
     18  +5 2014 sep 05ambigiousLogical Fallacy: Ambiguity - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of ambiguity .
     18  -2 2014 jul 27types of logical fallaciesA "fallacy" is a mistake, and a " logical " fallacy is a mistake in reasoning. There are , of course, other types of mistake than mistakes in reasoning. For instance ...
     18  -12 2014 jul 19poll how toThe Fallacy Files: How to Read a PollExplains how laymen can read, understand, and rationally criticize opinion poll reports in the media.
     19  +8 2014 sep 21redefineLogical Fallacy: Redefinition - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of redefinition .
     20  -1 2014 sep 30regression means
     21  +3 2014 sep 01the band wagonThe Bandwagon Fallacy - The Fallacy FilesEtymology: The name " bandwagon fallacy" comes from the phrase "jump on the bandwagon " or "climb on the bandwagon ", a bandwagon being a wagon big ...
     21  +10 2014 aug 26examples of logical flaws
     21  ~ 2014 jul 25audio books polling questionBecause polls question only a sample of the population, there is always a chance of ... 95% confidence sounds pretty confident—and it is! .... Book Shelf.
     23  -1 2014 sep 24logical questionsLogical Fallacy: Loaded Question - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the logical fallacy of loaded question .
     26  +7 2014 sep 23personal ad examples for menDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of ad hominem.
     28  ~ 2014 sep 11sharp shooterThe Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy - The Fallacy Files[T]he epidemiologist Seymour Grufferman coined the term “Texas sharpshooter effect.” Stand way back and blast the side of a barn with a shotgun and then find ...
     29  +7 2014 sep 26causaLogical Fallacy: Non Causa Pro Causa - The Fallacy FilesNon Causa Pro Causa . Translation: "Non-cause for cause", Latin. Alias: False Cause. Type: Informal Fallacy. Exposition: This is the most general fallacy of ...
     29  +5 2014 aug 23the do slippery slope(Sorry, your browser does not support inline frames.) .... The fact that I list the causal version of the slippery slope as a fallacy does not mean that every argument ...
     29  +4 2014 aug 18roulette random number predictionFor instance, a list of random numbers is such that one cannot predict better than ... such as the series of numbers generated by a roulette wheel, or by throws of ...
     31  +8 2014 sep 10anecdotes
     31  +70 2014 aug 28york graph x watchWatching this behind-the-scenes featurette, viewers get a fantastic look at how
     31  ~ 2014 aug 01how to read htmlExplains how laymen can read , understand, and rationally criticize opinion poll reports in the media.
     32  -2 2014 sep 03god logical fallacyLogical Fallacy : Affirming the Consequent - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the formal logical fallacy of affirming the ... This is proof…that here we have a revelation from God ; for…if God reveals himself ...
     33  +8 2014 sep 19etymologyLogical Fallacy: The Etymological Fallacy - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal etymological fallacy.
     33  -1 2014 sep 15conciousness fallacy of divisionLogical Fallacy : Red Herring - The Fallacy FilesDescribes the nature and history of the red herring fallacy and lists related fallacies .
     33  -5 2014 jul 28logical fallacy listDescribes and gives examples of logical fallacies from the media and ... article, both of which I've mentioned in previous watches―see the list of watches, below: .
     34  -1 2014 sep 25sharpshooter
     35  -3 2014 aug 30the lottery fallacyFallacy Files Weblog Archive: July, 2011 - The Fallacy FilesHowever, Law labels the mistake made in that argument " The Lottery Fallacy ", a name that I did not use and have never heard before.
     37  -5 2014 sep 07guilty by association bookLogical Fallacy: Guilt by Association - The Fallacy FilesGuilt by association is the attempt to discredit an idea based upon disfavored ... An exposé of the use of guilt by association in political rhetoric. ... Book Shelf.
     37  +13 2014 aug 15companies like logical mediaDescribes and gives examples of logical fallacies from the media and ... It's a cheap and easily-understood way of demonizing something you personally don't like . .... Views of the Religious Rights of Owners, Employees, and Companies .
     39  -15 2014 sep 27black or whiteDescribes and gives examples of the Black-or-White Fallacy.
     40  -26 2014 aug 28hoc after effectLogical Fallacy: Post Hoc - The Fallacy FilesPost Hoc . Alias: Post Hoc , Ergo Propter Hoc . Translation: After this, therefore ... to a causal conclusion based solely on the supposed cause preceding its " effect ".
     43  +20 2014 sep 29logical fallacy one's own evidenceLogical Fallacy : One -Sidedness - The Fallacy FilesHe who knows only his own side of the case, knows little of that. ... A one -sided case presents only evidence favoring its conclusion, and ignores or downplays ...
     43  +29 2014 sep 22the skeptical inquirer bayesFallacy Files Weblog Archive: July, 2006 - The Fallacy FilesThe latest issue of Skeptical Inquirer , which is in the stores but not yet .... to get the answer is to use Bayes ' Theorem from probability theory, ...
     43  -5 2014 sep 12rejected by logical mediaDescribes and gives examples of the logical fallacy of loaded question. ... is not to answer it directly, but to either refuse to answer or to reject the question.
     43  +25 2014 aug 20universal cat truthsLogical Fallacies: The Fallacy Files GlossaryConditional Proposition: A proposition which asserts a condition for the truth of
     44  +16 2014 sep 26that's the questionThe phrase "begging the question ", or "petitio principii" in Latin, refers to the " question " in a formal debate— that is, the issue being debated. In such a debate,  ...
     44  +10 2014 sep 25affirmationLogical Fallacy: Affirming the Consequent - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the formal logical fallacy of affirming the consequent.
     44  +11 2014 aug 30examples of anecdotes
     44  -22 2014 aug 14logical question and answersThus, either direct answer entails that you have beaten your wife, which is, therefore, a presupposition of the question . So, a loaded question is one which you ...
     44  +4 2014 aug 09examples of pollsThe media report polls in the same breathless way that race track announcers ... For example , the most famous polling fiasco was the Literary Digest poll in the ...
     45  -3 2014 jul 19word and sound distributionA proposition of the form: All S are P. The subject term , S, is distributed . Example: All ..... Sound : Of a valid argument whose premisses are true. Statement ...
     47  +18 2014 sep 20illicitLogical Fallacy: Illicit Minor - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the formal logical fallacy of illicit minor term.
     49  +12 2014 sep 06john hagelin booksThe Fallacy Files Book ShelfReviews of books on logical fallacies, critical thinking, and cognitive illusions from ... The best known one is John Hagelin , who got very few votes running three ...
     50  +15 2014 oct 01taxonomy drill downThe Fallacy Files: How to Use the Taxonomy of the Logical FallaciesStart with a general fallacy, and " drill down " into the Taxonomy ―that is, moving to the right―until you find what you're looking for. Acknowledgment: Thanks to ...
     51  +5 2014 jul 25java jive wikiFallacy Files Weblog Archive: May, 2012 - The Fallacy FilesJava Jive .... How to Hoax Wikipedia ... an interesting article on a historian whose university classes have perpetrated hoaxes on Wikipedia .
     53  -25 2014 aug 04what is poll
     55  -21 2014 aug 27kahneman and tverskyLogical Fallacy: Conjunction Fallacy - The Fallacy FilesInterestingly, psychologists Kahneman and Tversky discovered in their experiments that statistical sophistication made little difference in the rates at which ...
     55  -14 2014 aug 20example for emotion typeLogical Fallacy: Emotional Appeal - The Fallacy FilesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of appeal to emotion . ... An appeal to emotion is a type of argument which attempts to arouse the ...
     55  -15 2014 aug 16slateshow for website7 Habits of Highly Critical Thinkers - The Fallacy FilesThanks to all who have supported this website over the last year, whether by ... Two recent articles in Slate show the harmful effects of failure to ...
     57  +22 2014 oct 03personal ad examplesDescribes and gives examples of the informal logical fallacy of ad hominem. ... the Ad Hominem Fallacy when he introduces irrelevant personal premisses about ...
     57  +23 2014 aug 21ff bad hallLogical Fallacy: Amphiboly - The Fallacy FilesThe fallacy of Amphiboly occurs when a bad argument trades upon grammatical ... S. Morris Engel, Analyzing Informal Fallacies (Prentice- Hall , 1980), p. 3.
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