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     2  +1 2014 sep 26bash fill array forBashGuide / Arrays - Greg's WikiAs mentioned earlier, BASH provides three types of parameters: Strings, ... There are several ways you can create or fill your array with data.
     2  +3 2014 sep 21bash getoptsBashFAQ/035 - Greg's WikiSome Bash programmers like to write this at the beginning of their scripts to .... In bash , there is also help getopts , which might be informative.
     2  +3 2014 sep 20getopt bashTraditional versions of getopt cannot handle empty argument strings, ... In bash , there is also help getopts , which might be informative. There is ...
     6  ~ 2014 sep 14bash ifBashGuide/TestsAndConditionals - Greg's WikiIn the above example, BASH will execute mkdir d, then && will check the result of the mkdir application after it finishes. If the mkdir application ...
     6  +6 2014 aug 04bash check variable setBashFAQ /083 - Greg's WikiHow do I determine whether a variable is already defined ? Or a function? There are several ways to test for a defined or non-empty variable or ...
     6  -4 2014 aug 03wikipedia su cdBashPitfalls - Greg's Wiki... echo <<EOF; su -c 'some command'; cd /foo; bar; [ bar == "$foo" ]; for i in {1..10}; do ./something &; done; cmd1 && cmd2 || cmd3; echo "Hello ...
     6  +8 2014 jul 16jumpsuited hound dogseparate file2 Imitation Crab 3 2 2 1 Inflatable Dodecapede 0 0 0 0 Jack-in-the-Box 3 1 2 1 Jill-O-Lantern 1 3 2 2 Jitterbug 1 3 3 2 Jumpsuited Hound Dog 3 1 2 0 Killer Bee  ...
     7  +9 2014 sep 16bash historyBashFAQ/088 - Greg's WikiBy default, Bash updates its history only on exit, and it overwrites the existing history with the new version. This prevents you from keeping a ...
     10  -2 2014 sep 16bash $BashGuide - Greg's WikiThis guide aims to aid people interested in learning to work with BASH . It aspires to teach good practice techniques for using BASH , and writing ...
     10  +3 2014 jul 31bash test stringBashFAQ /031 - Greg's WikiTo cut a long story short: test implements the old, portable syntax of the .... As of bash 4.1, string comparisons using < or > respect the current ...
     11  -2 2014 sep 17bash for loopBashFAQ/024 - Greg's WikiWhy do they disappear after the loop terminates? Or, why can't I ... BASH creates a new process only if the loop is part of a pipeline. KornShell ...
     12  +1 2014 sep 25freenet commUsing default config filename freenet .ini INFO: Native CPUID library Object.wait(Native Method) at freenet .io. comm .UdpSocketManager.waitFor( UdpSocketManager.java:400) - locked <0x45aa0060> (a freenet .io. comm .
     12  -1 2014 aug 30linux generate pgp keyConfiguring PGP For LinuxConfiguring PGP For Linux . Before you can begin to use PGP for encryption , you should create a key pair. This step will create a secret key and a public key .
     14  ~ 2014 sep 08getoptsTraditional versions of getopt cannot handle empty argument strings, ... The POSIX shell (and others) offer getopts which is safe to use instead.
     15  +9 2014 sep 23linux bash ifIt aspires to teach good practice techniques for using BASH , and writing simple ... It will help if you know how to use a text editor; we will not be ...
     15  -1 2014 aug 09pid by nameProcessManagement - Greg's WikiEvery process is identified by a number, called the PID , or Process ... The metadata stored by the kernel includes a process " name " and ...
     16  -6 2014 aug 09bash if statementBashGuide /TestsAndConditionals - Greg's WikiThings get a bit more dangerous, though, when we want to run multiple statements if a condition holds true, or if we need to evaluate multiple ...
     16  -3 2014 aug 03bash echo quoted stringE.g., if ls produces any output containing a * character, the word .... You do not need to quote a string literal in bash (unless it contains ...
     17  +4 2014 sep 19bash functionBashWeaknesses - Greg's WikiThere are certain tasks you shouldn't do in bash, unless you really, truly have ... Return values: Bash functions don't return anything; they only ...
     17  +1 2014 sep 16bash sortThere are certain tasks you shouldn't do in bash , unless you really, truly have to. ... In general, Bash is not suited to any sort of data retrieval that ...
     17  +84 2014 sep 11find execUsingFind - Greg's WikiThe curly brace pair in our command is a special argument to find . Each time a command is executed by - exec for a file that's been matched, ...
     17  -4 2014 aug 19bash split stringBashFAQ /100 - Greg's WikiThis is an introduction to bash string manipulations and related techniques. ... Also, the results of an unquoted parameter expansion will be split  ...
     18  +10 2014 sep 08bash caseIf the mkdir application was successful (exit code 0), then Bash will execute the ... Now, imagine we want to show an error message in case the ...
     19  +10 2014 sep 28simple bash scriptIt aspires to teach good practice techniques for using BASH , and writing simple scripts . This guide is targeted at beginning users. It assumes no ...
     20  +81 2014 sep 28tail f format outputBashFAQ/009 - Greg's WikiOr, why does my command line produce no output : tail - f logfile | grep 'foo bar' ... Most standard Unix commands buffer their output when used ...
     20  +81 2014 aug 20crs wants material removedBashFAQ - Greg's WikiIf you want to help, you can add new questions with answers here, or try to
     22  +6 2014 sep 13where is bash historyBashFAQ /088 - Greg's Wiki
     22  +55 2014 sep 10bash
     23  +1 2014 sep 13shove commandBashFAQ/050 - Greg's WikiThere are many situations in which people try to shove commands , or command arguments, into variables and then run them. Each case needs ...
     23  +41 2014 aug 06can mua hostAn Introduction to Internet E-MailThis protocol is also sometimes used between an MUA and an MSA (see below).
     23  +22 2014 jul 25bash search and replaceBashFAQ /021 - Greg's WikiHere are some commonly-used syntaxes for replacing the string olddomain.com by the string newdomain.com in a file named file. All four ...
     24  +22 2014 sep 17pass io string to terminalBashGuide/InputAndOutput - Greg's WikiAnything else a File Descriptor can point to (pipes, terminals , sockets, etc.).
     24  -10 2014 sep 06while loop bashBashFAQ /024 - Greg's WikiWorks only in ksh88/ksh93, or bash 4.2 with lastpipe enabled # In other ... The while loop above is executed in a new subshell with its own copy ...
     26  -5 2014 sep 18bash script ifBashGuide /Practices - Greg's WikiJust make an AWK script . If you need to retrieve data from an HTML or XML file in a reliable manner, Bash is also the wrong tool for the job.
     26  +4 2014 sep 11shell sleepSignalTrap - Greg's WikiIn a shell script, the command to set up a signal handler is trap. .... trap 'echo " doing some cleaning"' EXIT echo waiting a bit sleep 10000.
     27  +3 2014 sep 21tao 530mpNS13Fight 1, Form 2: 0: I take 6 (HP 508/ 530; MP 90/203) 1: attack 41; fam does
     28  +73 2014 aug 18hbo black box votingDiebold MemosInternal Memos: Diebold Doing End-Runs Around Certification Friday, 12 September 2003 (PDT) By Bev Harris – blackboxvoting.org  ...
     29  -1 2014 sep 12pid init processProcess Management - Greg's WikiEvery process is identified by a number, called the PID , or Process IDentifier. ..... If init is told to respawn a command, it simply launches that ...
     30  -2 2014 sep 23bash last commandIn the above example, BASH will execute mkdir d, then && will check the ... They check the exit code of the previous command to determine ...
     30  +6 2014 sep 08adom guidebook[ ADOM ] Near Farmer Greg's Herb GardenWelcome to Farmer Greg's Herb Garden! You stand on a well-traveled dirt road in the middle of the plains outside the village of Terinyo. Up ahead, you see a ...
     31  +32 2014 sep 15linux bash
     31  -4 2014 sep 14mail s bashBashFAQ /050 - Greg's WikiThe mail command will receive - s as one argument, then the first word of the subject (with a literal ' in front of it) as the next argument, and so on ...
     31  -11 2014 sep 01what is sidDebian sid FAQSid users who want to know whether there are any traps awaiting them if they upgrade are advised to check the /topic of the #debian channel, and the Status of  ...
     32  -9 2014 jul 28check debian versionsee debian .org. For the # debian (Freenode) channel FAQ, check The Debian wiki. ... How do I know what version of package foo I'm using? 7. When will ...
     37  +64 2014 aug 10convert to asciiBashFAQ/071 - Greg's WikiIf you need to convert characters (or numeric ASCII values) that are not known in advance (i.e., in variables), you can use something a little ...
     39  +1 2014 sep 13arg wikifor arg in $*; function foo(); echo "~"; local varname=$(command); export foo=~/ bar; sed 's/$foo/good bye/'; tr [A-Z] [a-z]; ps ax | grep gedit; printf ...
     42  +59 2014 sep 11smart safelist hosting allforyouFullBashGuide - Greg's WikiThat host normally responds to this packet by sending the exact same one right back.
     43  +6 2014 jul 19batch shuffle file linesHow can I randomize ( shuffle ) the order of lines in a file ? ... Is there a "PAUSE" command in bash like there is in MSDOS batch scripts?
     45  -18 2014 sep 21bash dirnameThis page shows common errors that Bash programmers make. ... Filenames with leading dashes; [ $foo = "bar" ]; cd $( dirname "$f"); [ "$foo" ...
     45  -2 2014 sep 16sysname tr 098FullBashFAQ - Greg's WikiWe use the fancy range notation, because tr can behave very strangely when
     45  +21 2014 sep 11location scriptBashFAQ/028 - Greg's WikiFirst and foremost, try to avoid the problem entirely by not depending on the location of your script ! Before we dive into solutions, let's clear up ...
     45  -17 2014 aug 24using qmail bulk emailsSRS integration with qmailThis means that "spam" (unsolicited bulk /commercial e- mail ) can be sent this way : ... I used qmail -inject instead of forward so that I could use the qmail -inject ...
     46  +43 2014 jul 20what is bash
     48  -1 2014 sep 28hobopolis guideThe Level 12 QuestThis guide is intended to explain how you actually do the quest, optimally, side ..... or the Hobopolis sewers (if your clan offers you that), or BRICKO monsters, ...
     49  +7 2014 aug 29virtual private server wikiGreg's Wiki : EnglishFrontPageAs of April 2014, this wiki runs on a Debian virtual private server with nginx and uWSGI. In December 2012, this wiki was moved to the same Debian virtual ...
     51  +24 2014 sep 07evalEval - Greg's WikiThe eval command is extremely powerful and extremely easy to abuse. It causes your code to be parsed twice instead of once; this means that, for example, ...
     52  -22 2014 sep 20pkr on linuxConfiguring PGP For Linux . ... username users 1144 Sep 30 09:34 pubring. pkr - rw------- 1 username users 512 Sep 30 09:35 randseed.bin -rw------- 1 username  ...
     54  -5 2014 jul 17what is debianA lot of people get frustrated because they perceive the Debian stable release to be "too old", sometimes because they bought some crazy new hardware gadget ...
     55  -21 2014 sep 12bash set utf8BashFAQ /098 - Greg's WikiYou may need to specify a character set in the LANG variable (e.g. es_ES. utf8 instead of es_ES). You may have to "generate locales" on your ...
     55  ~ 2014 aug 22find and rename filesBashFAQ/030 - Greg's WikiHow can I rename all my *.foo files to *.bar, or convert spaces to ... requires GNU or BSD find (1) # Recursively change all *.foo files to *.bar find .
     57  ~ 2014 aug 19pass through line outputBashGuide/ InputAndOutput - Greg's WikiHow can I handle command- line arguments (options) to my script easily? ... Passing information to a program through the environment is useful ...
     57  -11 2014 jul 21command execution codeNow that we know what exit codes are, and that an exit code of '0' means the command's execution was successful, we'll learn to use this ...
     58  +4 2014 jul 30what is wrapperWrapperScript - Greg's WikiA wrapper script is one of the most common uses for shell script. Rather than attempting to reimplement the functionality of an existing tool, ...
     59  -14 2014 sep 21linux bash script
     59  +14 2014 sep 14bash сщдщк усрщBashFAQ /037 - Greg's WikiBourne tput setaf 1; echo this is red tput setaf 2; echo this is green tput ... Bash colors256() { local c i j printf "Standard 16 colors \n" for ((c = 0; ...
     59  -11 2014 aug 31dumb file upload ftpFtpMustDie - Greg's WikiThe File Transfer Protocol ( FTP ) is specified in RFC 959, published in October 1985.
     59  -31 2014 aug 13qmail mail serverThis document makes liberal use of acronyms and jargon which experienced mail administrators should understand. If you need a primer on basic mail server  ...
     60  -38 2014 sep 23lock dirBashFAQ/045 - Greg's WikiOne way is to use a "lock": any number of processes can try to acquire ... locking example -- CORRECT # Bourne lockdir =/tmp/myscript.lock if ...
     61  ~ 2014 sep 26bash uniqBashFAQ/036 - Greg's WikiBash # Intersection of file1 and file2 # (i.e., only the lines that appear in both ... only the lines unique to file2) comm -13 <(sort file1) <(sort file2).
     61  -3 2014 jul 26freenode free shellGreg's Wiki: EnglishFrontPageIt has some pages which may be of interest for people doing Unix shell scripting or system ... The 'official' channel FAQ for freenode 's #bash IRC channel is BashFAQ. ... WikiSandBox: feel free to change this page and experiment with editing.
     62  -21 2014 sep 15mta emailWhen configuring an MTA , certain pieces of information must be supplied. Some of this is implicit; ...
     62  -6 2014 sep 03ftp systThe File Transfer Protocol ( FTP ) is specified in RFC 959, published in ..... Yet there are FTP clients that refuse to work if SYST command is not ...
     63  ~ 2014 aug 15split test qquoteBashGuide/Practices - Greg's WikiChoose Your Shell; Quoting; Readability; Bash Tests ; Don't Ever Do These; Debugging ... Word splitting will eat your babies if you don't quote things properly.
     64  +37 2014 aug 24bash echo color
     64  -1 2014 aug 24shell script bashIn the latter case you will no longer be able to use any Bash features. You will be limited to the POSIX shell scripting standard (even if your ...
     66  -15 2014 sep 11вики cases begin ndBASH may be easy to learn and write in, but it isn't always fit for the job. There are ... In the latter case you will no longer be able to use any Bash features. ... between them to determine where each argument begins and ends.
     67  ~ 2014 aug 02ftp send fileThe File Transfer Protocol ( FTP ) is specified in RFC 959, published in October 1985. The attempt in this specification is to satisfy the diverse ...
     68  -5 2014 sep 06man cant set the localelocale - Greg's WikiComputers can't actually store letters and symbols; they only store numbers.
     68  ~ 2014 aug 11internet mail serviceAn Introduction to Internet E- MailLong before Unix systems were networked to each other, users on a Unix host sent e- mail to each other on the local system . Every Unix user account is capable  ...
     70  -29 2014 jul 29bash menu caseIf the mkdir application was successful (exit code 0), then Bash will execute the
     71  -20 2014 sep 23tail fA simple tail - f from an interactive terminal session works just fine, but when a command is part of a complicated pipeline, the command might ...
     71  -28 2014 jul 27shell script sleepIn a shell script , the command to set up a signal handler is trap. .... trap 'echo " doing some cleaning"' EXIT echo waiting a bit sleep 10000.
     72  -11 2014 sep 11lynx bash quitBy the way, '&' is a command separator in bash and other Bourne shells.
     72  +29 2014 aug 23bash shell script
     73  -45 2014 sep 28pid tI need to get the PID out of ps aux | grep .... But I'm on some old legacy Unix system that doesn' t have pgrep! What do I do? I want to run ...
     73  -19 2014 sep 16tail  f
     73  -8 2014 sep 15smtp mta бесплатный сервер windowsMail Transport Agent ( MTA ): a program which acts as a "mail server ". ... Most Windows MUAs use SMTP to talk to an MSA because there is no MTA on the ...
     73  +13 2014 aug 23zsh vs bashBashism - Greg's WikiOriginated in ksh. Supported by zsh with an option like bash . .... printf - v is not defined by POSIX, and only Bash supports it. The %q and %()T ...
     74  +27 2014 sep 06bash shellIt aspires to teach good practice techniques for using BASH , and writing simple scripts. ... BASH is an acronym for Bourne Again Shell .
     75  ~ 2014 sep 08file2Bash # Intersection of file1 and file2 # (i.e., only the lines that appear in both files) comm -12 <(sort file1) <(sort file2 ) # Subtraction of file1 from ...
     77  -33 2014 jul 30bash script fiel extensionBashGuide /CommandsAndArguments - Greg's WikiScripts . A script is basically a sequence of commands in a file . Bash ... Also, please refrain from giving your scripts that stupid .sh extension .
     79  -24 2014 sep 18ecoserver large gameserverHow can I check to see if my game server is still running? I'll put a ..... In a script where the loop is very big you can use sem from GNU Parallel. ... 7 s() { 8 echo Sleeping $1 9 sleep $1 10 } 11 12 # Start off with 3 instances of it.
     79  +1 2014 aug 03bulk email secret senderThis means that "spam" (unsolicited bulk /commercial e- mail ) can be sent this way :
     80  ~ 2014 jul 16process management processIf you need to manage a complex suite of child processes and events, don't try to do it in a shell script. (That said, there are a few tricks in the ...
     82  -38 2014 jul 31ftp connection protocolThe Client Shall Listen For Connections From The Server! ... The File Transfer Protocol ( FTP ) is specified in RFC 959, published in October ...
     83  -8 2014 aug 25shell script exitIf the program is forced to exit by a signal, it won't be able to remove the files unless it catches the signal. In a shell script , the command to set ...
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